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 Kabaddi

Kabaddi is basically a combative sport, with seven players on each side; played for a period of 40 minutes with a 5 minutes break (20-5-20). The core idea of the game is to score points by raiding into the opponent's court and touching as many defence players as possible without getting caught on a single breath.

 

 

 

 

 

 

One player, chanting Kabaddi!!! Kabaddi!!!! Kabaddi!!!! Charges into the opponent court and tries to touch the opponent closest to him, while the seven opponents make manoeuvres to catch the attacker. This is Kabaddi, the match of one against seven, known as the game of struggle. 

The players on the defensive side are called “Antis” while the player of the offence is called the “Raider”. The attack in Kabaddi is known as a ‘Raid’. The antis touched by the raider during the attack are declared ‘out’ if they do not succeed in catching the raider before he returns to home court. These players can resume play only when their side scores points against the opposite side during their raiding turn or if the remaining players succeed in catching the opponent’s raider

History

The origin of the game dates back to pre-historic times played in different forms. The modern Kabaddi game was played all over India and some parts of South Asia from 1930. The first known framework of the rules of Kabaddi as an indigenous sport of India was prepared in Maharashtra in the year 1921 for Kabaddi competitions on the pattern of Sanjeevani and Gemini in a combined form.

 

Thereafter a committee was constituted in the year 1923, which amended the rules framed in 1921. The amended rules were applied during the All India Kabaddi Tournament organized in 1923.

The All India Kabaddi Federation was formed in the year 1950 to look after the promotion of the game and the Senior National championship started from the year 1952.

The new body, Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI) came in to existence from the year 1972 affiliated to Indian Olympic Association (IOA) with a view to popularize the game in India & neighboring countries of Asia. After formation of this body, Kabaddi took a new shape and National level competitions started for Junior and Sub-junior boys & girls also. A separate competition, Federation Cup was introduced for men & women for the elite teams (best eight) of the country.

The Asian Amateur Kabaddi Federation [AAKF] was formed in the year 1978. The 1st Asian Kabaddi Championship was held in the year 1980 and was included as a demonstration game in the 9th Asian Games, New Delhi in the year 1982. The game was included in the South Asian Federation (SAF) games from the year 1984 at Dacca, Bangladesh 

KABADDI IN THE 1990 BEIJING ASIAN GAMES CHINA 

Kabaddi was included as a regular sports discipline in the 11th Beijing Asian Games 1990 and India won the lone Gold Medal in the Asian Games in Kabaddi.

India is the reigning champion in the succeeding Asian Games held in Hiroshima 1994, Bangkok 1998, Busan 2002, Doha 2006, Guangzhou 2010 & at Incheon 2014 and created history in Indian sports by winning seven consecutive Gold medals in the Asian Games so far.

The Inter-national Kabaddi Federation [IKF] was formed during the 1st World Cup in Kabaddi 2004 at Mumbai in India. India won the First World Cup by beating Iran in the finals. The First Asian Women Championship was held at Hyderabad in 2005 and India won the Gold Medal. Women Kabaddi was included for the first time in the South Asian Games held in Colombo, Sri Lanka in 2006. The second World Cup was held in India at Panvel in 2007 and India once again reigned supreme.

For the first time in the history of Asian Games a separate indoor stadium was built for Kabaddi competition and training in the 15th Asian Games held at Doha [Qatar] 2006. The training/ warming up courts and main field of play was made up of puzzle mats of Korean make. The main field of play was equipped with a giant public screen, which displayed replays and the running score. Two Tissot plasma scoreboards, info terminals for the presentation crew, the ceremony crew and the media were provided. 

The 15th Asian Games Doha provided an excellent opportunity to showcase Kabaddi to the Europeans and Australians who were in great numbers in organizing the Asian Games. A good many spectators belonging to European countries, USA, Australia, Western Asia, and the Mediterranean countries, who saw the Game for the first time, were very impressed with the simple rules and the thrill of the sport and desired to introduce the sport in their countries. This has given Kabaddi very good and positive exposure for its future development in the continents of Europe, USA, Australia and Africa.  

Kabaddi has been included as a major discipline in the 2nd Asian Indoor games to be held at Macau from 25th October to 3rd November 2007 and in the Asian Beach Games being hosted by Indonesia in 2008, which are major landmarks in the history of the game.

There has been a gradual but significant change in the trends of the game since the past 50 years. What was once considered a game of brawn is not so now. The introduction of mats, shoes, new techniques & changes in rules has made the sport more interesting and advantageous to skilled players who are now able to defeat heavier players with better skills & techniques.

Results


RESULTS & RECORDS

ASIAN GAMES - KABADDI MEN

YEAR

COUNTRY

CITY

1

2

3

3

2018

INDONESIA  JAKARTHA        

2014

KOREA

INCHEON

IND IRI PAK KOR

2010

CHINA

GUANGZHOU

IND

IRI

PAK

JPN

2006

QATAR

DOHA

IND

PAK

BAN

IRI

2002

KOREA

BUSAN

IND

BAN

PAK

JPN

1998

THAILAND

BANGKOK

IND

PAK

BAN

SRI

1994

JAPAN

HIROSHIMA

IND

BAN

PAK

JPN

1990

CHINA

BEIJING

IND

BAN

PAK

JPN

 

 

 

 

WORLD CUP KABADDI

 

YEAR

COUNTRY

CITY

1

2

3

3

EVENT

2012

INDIA

PATNA

 IND

IRI 

JAP

THA

WOMEN

2007

INDIA

PANVEL

IND

IRI

BAN

JPN

MEN

2004

INDIA MUMBAI IND IRI CAN BAN MEN

 

ASIAN BEACH GAMES

Beach kabaddi competition at the 2014 Asian Beach Games was held in PhuketThailand from 19 to 22 November 2014 at Patong Beach, Phuket.

 

Awards

 

DRONACHARYA AWARD

Dronacharya award is one of India’s civilian sporting honors. It is awarded in recognition of outstanding achievements by coaches who have successfully trained sportspersons or teams and enabled them to achieve outstanding results.

Other sporting honors and decorations in India are Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award for achievement in sports, Arjuna Award for achievements in sportsmanship and  Dhyan Chand Award for lifetime achievement. 

“Individual commitment to a group effort – that is what makes a team work, a company work, a society work, a civilization work.”

“Hard work is the price we must pay for success. I think you can accomplish anything if you’re willing to pay the price.”

“The greatest accomplishment is not in never falling, but in rising again after you fall.”

This was how Vince Lombardi motivated his teams. He was an American football coach and was instrumental in the great success of any football team he coached. He instilled confidence and discipline in his teams.

Such individuals deserve to be honored for their achievements.

Dronacharya was the guru/coach of Arjuna. He was an expert in advanced military arts and Arjuna was his favorite student. Since the award for outstanding achievement in sports is named after Arjuna, the award for coaching was thus named after Dronacharya.

This motivates coaches to dedicate themselves to provide direction, instruction and training to sportsman.

Dronacharya Award was constituted in 1985 and a total of 72 such awards have been awarded since then. Three Kabaddi coaches have received this award so far.

Kabaddi coaches have always been at the epicenter of their teams. They have lead Kabaddi players from the forefront. Kabbadi has seen many professionally competent coaches, all around the world. They try to master players for conditions that are very hard to master.

For example, Indian Kabaddi Team has been the champion’s at all major Kabaddi tournaments. This success can be attributed not only to Kabaddi players, but to the efforts of their coaches as well. Great coaches grow their teams by a blend of training, discipline and generating a sense of warmth and friendship at all times.

Indian Honors and Decorations: Dronacharya Awardees in Kabaddi

2002              Shri. E. Prasad Rao                          SAI

2005              Shri. Balwan Singh                           SSCB

2012              Ms. Sunil Dabas                                 Haryana

 

ARJUNA AWARD

Arjuna award is one of India’s civilian sporting honors. It is awarded in recognition of outstanding achievements of sportspersons in the field of sports at International level.Arjuna award was constituted in 1961 

It is awarded by the Government of India and considers conferring Arjuna Award in the disciplines falling under following categories:-

a) Olympic Games/Asian Games/Commonwealth Games

c) World Cup/Word Championships

d) Indigenous Games/Sports for the Physically challenged

Arjuna was one of the Pandavras in the Hindu epic, Mahabharata. Because of his superior qualities as a matchless archer, he is considered to be the greatest warrior on earth.

To correlate his velour and commitment towards a sport, prominent sportsman receive an award named after him. It gives an opportunity for them to further advance in their respective sport and draw inspiration from such a legend. As of 2011, 30 Kabaddi players have been honored with Arjuna award. This puts Kabbadi at 8th spot in the overall list of sports whose players have received this prestigious award.

Shri Sadanand M. Shetty was the first ever Kabaddi player to receive this award in 1972. Following is the list of Kabaddi players who have received this award.

 

 

 

Year Awardee
 
1972 Shri S. M. Shetty
 
1973 Shri Bholanath Guin
 
1978-79 Km. S. P. Khatavkar
 
1980-81 Shri Shantaram Jadhav
 
1981 Km. Monika Nath
 
1983 Km. Maya Kashinath
 
1986 Km. Rama Sarkar
 
1990 Shri Hardeep Singh
 
1994 Shri Ashok D. Shinde
 
1994 Shri S. Rajrathanam
 
1995 Shri P. Ganeshan
 
1996 Ms. Neeta Moreshwar Dadwe
 
1996 Shri Shriram Bhavsar
 
1997 Shri Randhir Singh
 
1998 Shri Ashan Kumar
 
1998 Shri Biswajit Palit
 
1999 Shri Balwinder Singh
 
1999 Shri Tirath Raj
 
2000 Shri C. Homonappa
 
2001 Shri B. C. Ramesh
 
2002 Shri Ram Mehar Singh
 
2003 Sh. Sanjeev Kumar
 
2004 Sunder Singh
 
2005 Shri Ramesh Kumar
 
2006 Shri Navneet Gautum
 
2008

Shri Pankaj Navanath Shirsat

2010 Shri. Dinesh Kumar
   
2011 Ms. Tejaswini Bhai
2011 Shri. Rakesh Kumar
   
2012 Shri. Anup Kumar
   
2014 Ms. Mamatha Poojary
   
2015 Shri. Manjeet Chiller
2015 Ms. Abhilasha Matre
   
   
   
   

DHYAN CHAND AWARDEE

Dhyan Chand Award is India's highest award for lifetime achievement in sports and games, given by the Government of India. 

 

The award is named after the legendary Indian hockey player Dhyan Chand. The award was initiated in 2002. 

 PRESENTED BY 

2007              Shri. Shamsher Singh           Haryana

 

 

LIFE ACHIEVEMENT AWARDS IN KABADDI PRESENTED BY 

AMATEUR KABADDI FEDERATION OF INDIA

 

Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India HONOURED with Life Achievement Award for the year 2015 to the following people for their great contribution towards the development of Kabaddi sport.

2015     LATE SHRI. SYED CHANDA HUSSAINI             HYDERABAD

2015     SHRI. GIRISH CHANDRA BHARGAVA               JAIPUR

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